As electric vehicles become increasingly popular, the need for infrastructure to support them grows as well. One critical aspect of this infrastructure is DC fast charging stations, which can provide a significant amount of charge to an electric vehicle in a short period. DC fast chargers can be found in various locations across the United States, from highways to shopping centers, and their number continues to grow. In this context, it’s essential to have accurate information on the list of DC fast chargers in the US, which can help EV owners plan their journeys and ensure they have access to charging facilities when needed. In this article, Techpotamus helping you to explore the current state of DC fast chargers in the USA and provide an overview of the available resources for finding a list of DC fast chargers in the country.
What Is a DC Fast Charger?
A DC fast charger is a type of electric vehicle (EV) charging station that can provide high-power DC (direct current) electricity to quickly charge the battery of an electric vehicle. Unlike Level 1 and Level 2 charging stations, which use AC (alternating current) electricity to charge the vehicle’s battery, DC fast chargers provide a much higher voltage and current to the battery, allowing for a much faster charging time.
DC fast chargers are typically found at public charging stations in locations such as highways, public parking lots, and rest areas. The charging time with a DC fast charger can vary depending on the battery capacity of the vehicle and the charger’s power output, but it typically takes between 30 minutes to an hour to charge an electric vehicle from 0 to 80%. DC fast chargers can provide a significant amount of charge in a short amount of time, making them a crucial component of the EV charging infrastructure, enabling long-distance travel and reducing range anxiety for EV drivers.
Places Where DC chargers Installed in the US
DC fast chargers are located across the United States, but their distribution is relatively concentrated in certain big states like California, while other states have significantly fewer chargers available. For example, according to data from the Alternative Fuel Data Center, California has a whopping 8,535 public DC fast chargers, while states like Idaho and Alaska have only 84 and 31 chargers, respectively.
This disparity in charging infrastructure can lead to long wait times at charging stations, particularly as EV sales continue to increase. Even large states like New York and Texas have only around 1,156 and 1,432 public DC fast chargers, respectively, highlighting the need for significant expansion of the charging network.
Charging stations are often located in public parking facilities, rest stops and travel plazas along highways, gas stations and convenience stores, shopping centers and malls, hotels and resorts, airports and transportation hubs, municipal parking garages and lots, workplace and employee parking lots, universities and colleges, and multi-unit residential buildings and apartment complexes. However, there is still much work to be done to expand the charging infrastructure in the United States, particularly in areas where the availability of DC fast chargers is limited.
The U.S. currently has around 50,000 public EV charging stations, with nearly 130,000 individual charging ports for EVSE. Of these charging stations, approximately 44,000 are Level 2 stations with over 100,000 charging ports, while only around 6,600 are DC Fast Charging stations with 28,000 charging ports. This shows that the majority of the U.S.’s public EV charging ports are Level 2 ports that do not offer fast charging capabilities. While the number of public EV charging ports is growing, there is still a need to increase the number of DC Fast Charging stations to support the expanding adoption of EVs.
In conclusion, while the United States does have a significant number of EV charging ports, the distribution of these ports is quite disparate, with some states having significantly fewer charging stations than others. With EV sales expected to continue to grow, there is a critical need for the expansion of the charging network, particularly in areas where the availability of DC fast chargers is limited. Upgrading charging infrastructure should be prioritized alongside the improvement of the electrical grid to support the widespread adoption of EVs. As charging stations are often located in various public and private facilities, the expansion of the charging network will also require partnerships and cooperation between different stakeholders.